These are the same outcomes as for children in care.
In both cases these childhood victims are more likely to be unemployed, live alone, and earn less.
These are the results of the first study, at the Institute of Psychiatry in London, to track the impact of bullying into later adulthood which was published in the American Journal of Psychiatry.
The lead author Ryu Takizawa said “our study shows the effects of bullying are still visible nearly four decades later. The impact is persistent and pervasive”.
The researchers looked at almost 8,000 people born in 1958 and followed them for more than 50 years. At ages 7 and 11, 28% of them were bullied occasionally and 15% regularly. Frequent bullying was related to greater psychological distress at ages 23 and 50.
The risk of anxiety disorders was two-thirds higher for those bullied frequently as children and the risk of depression and suicidal thoughts twice as high.